|Program Title||Step Up! (Be a Leader, Make a Difference) Bystander Intervention|
|Overview||The goals of Step UP! are to “raise awareness of helping behaviors, increase motivation to help, develop skills and confidence when responding to problems or concerns, and ensure the safety and well-being of self and others.”|
|program name||level of evidence"Supported by evidence, promising direction or emerging"||bystander"Bystander programs engage men and women not (primarily) as potential perpetrators or victims, but rather as potential bystanders to situations involving sexual or intimate partner violence. Bystander prevention programs presume that all members of the community have a role in shifting norms to prevent violence.... The bystander model includes tools and ideas for action and strongly encourages each person to make a difference." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 5)||empathy"Empathy-based programs give participants the skills to understand sexual violence, provide compassionate responses to disclosures, and reduce the likelihood of sexual assault perpetration by males." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 4)||dispelling
rape myths"These programs address common misconceptions and myths about circumstances, causes, and realities of sexual violence. Topics often include rates of assault and reporting, definitions of consent, and clarifying common circumstances of assault." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013)
|alcoholThese programs discuss the role alcohol plays in sexual violence and how drinking impacts the communication of consent.||otherAdditional topics of focus are listed here.|
|Step Up! (Be a Leader, Make a Difference) Bystander Intervention||Emerging||X||X||X||X||also offered: version for student athletes|
|Author||University of Arizona CATS Life Skills Program and the NCAA|
Train the Trainer. Those interested in becoming facilitators of the Step Up! program can sign up for a free Train the Trainer webinar, attend a national in person training program hosted annually, and/or utilize online guides and resources through the website. Downloadable facilitation guides are available for free and further information can be gathered by contacting the Step Up! program directly.
Student Athletes. The Step Up! program materials are available in two versions: one for general student populations and one tailored to an audience of student athletes. The language of the Initial Training Presentation will differ slightly in language though the general content will be the same. Step Up! has also produced a PSA specifically geared toward student athletes.
Initial Training and Sexual Assault Subtopic. The initial Step Up! training lasts 90 minutes and focuses on empathy, community building and responsibility as it relates to bystander intervention. Step Up! teaches a model of 5 Decision Making Steps: 1) Notice the event, 2) interpret the event as a problem, 3) assume personal responsibility, 4) know how to help, 5) Step Up!. Other factors include perspective taking and obedience to authority/perceived authority.
An additional program specifically about Sexual Assault is available once one has completed the Initial Training and lasts approximately an hour. The PowerPoint presentation combines myth busting and statistics to educate participants on the realities of sexual violence and challenge common misconceptions about the topic. Other content includes consent, the sexual violence continuum, action steps, and the The S.E.E. Model (Safe, Early, Effective) of intervention. The presentation closes with scenarios allowing participants to apply their knowledge and skills to real world examples of risky situations they may encounter as students and student athletes.
Program methods include: discussion, collaboration with students and student athletes, videos, PowerPoint presentations
Training in Sexual Assault bystander intervention by Step Up! requires participation in two sessions. Participants must attend a 90-minute initial training before attending a 60- minute Sexual Assault bystander intervention program.
|Theoretical basis for approach||
Step UP! aims to shift campus cultures using a bystander intervention model. Other theoretical bases for the design of the program include pro-social behavior, motivational interviewing, cognitive dissonance, the trans-theoretical model, and social norms.
Step UP! has not been subject to any peer-reviewed research studies.
|Participating colleges and universities||
|Considerations for administrators||
The Sexual Assault topic presentation is not a stand-alone program. Thus, administrators should consider implementing Step UP! in its entirety which requires an additional 90 minute presentation but also presents the opportunity for other topic presentations to be utilized.
|How to access this program||
Training and program materials are available online at no cost. Materials are also available for order in print: Student guides cost $9.95 each and Facilitator guides cost $17.95 each. In person facilitator training programs are hosted annually as well.