|Program Title||One Act|
|Overview||One Act is an in-person workshop for students of all genders that focuses on prevention of sexual assault through bystander intervention. One Act teaches a four-step framework for bystander intervention: observe, assess, ACT (ask for help, create a distraction, talk directly), and follow-up. There is a modified 3-hour version that is tailored for members of fraternities and sororities that focuses specifically on high-risk drinking.|
|program name||level of evidence"Supported by evidence, promising direction or emerging"||bystander"Bystander programs engage men and women not (primarily) as potential perpetrators or victims, but rather as potential bystanders to situations involving sexual or intimate partner violence. Bystander prevention programs presume that all members of the community have a role in shifting norms to prevent violence.... The bystander model includes tools and ideas for action and strongly encourages each person to make a difference." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 5)||empathy"Empathy-based programs give participants the skills to understand sexual violence, provide compassionate responses to disclosures, and reduce the likelihood of sexual assault perpetration by males." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 4)||dispelling
rape myths"These programs address common misconceptions and myths about circumstances, causes, and realities of sexual violence. Topics often include rates of assault and reporting, definitions of consent, and clarifying common circumstances of assault." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013)
|alcoholThese programs discuss the role alcohol plays in sexual violence and how drinking impacts the communication of consent.||otherAdditional topics of focus are listed here.|
|One Act||Supported by Evidence||X||X||X||also offered: greek version|
|Author||One Act was developed by an interdisciplinary team of student leaders, staff and faculty at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
By the end of the session, students will:
This workshop includes: an empathy building exercise; definitions of terms; a review of warning signs of sexual violence and bystander intervention theory; and, demonstration of examples of peer intervention through scenarios and role-play.
One four-hour session (3 hours for Greek version)
The program is designed to be facilitated by one staff or graduate assistant, plus two or three undergraduate peer educators. UNC can provide curricula materials for training facilitators and educators.
Undergraduate students, graduate students, members of fraternities and sororities
|Theoretical basis for approach||
This program builds off the previous research conducted on successful bystander programs such as Bringing in the Bystander and Green Dot. The program authors emphasize that it is a community-based approach that avoids characterizing women as victims, men and perpetrators, and alienating gender-nonconforming students.
One evaluation of the program was conducted and published in a peer-reviewed journal. The study used an experimental design, comparing the program to another UNC-developed workshop called HAVEN that does not have a bystander intervention component. Overall, One Act showed a stronger effect than HAVEN. The evaluation demonstrated significant effects for confidence to intervene as a bystander and willingness to help. There were non-significant effects for date rape attitudes and bystander behavior.
|Participating colleges and universities||
UNC Chapel Hill
|Considerations for administrators||
This program is an excellent choice for schools because it is very low-cost: the curriculum is free and can be used to train students as peer educators. Workshops like this are highly valuable because research tells us that people learn the most when they are engaged in their learning. Still, at large school it would take a considerable institutional logistical commitment to coordinate these workshops for all students.
|How to access this program||
UNC shares curriculum materials and evaluation tools at no cost to those who interested. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Alegría-Flores, K., Raker, K., Pleasants, R.K., Weaver M.A., & Weinberger, M. (2015) Preventing Interpersonal Violence on College Campuses: The Effect of One Act Training on Bystander Intervention. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1-24. Retreived from: http://jiv.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/05/21/0886260515587666.abstract