|Program Title||No Zebras, No Excuses: Addressing Sexual Aggression and Bystander Behavior|
|Overview||No Zebras, No Excuses is a performance-based intervention conducted by trained peer educators. The program consists of seven vignettes designed to replicate situations of sexual assault, drug facilitated sexual assault, intimate partner violence, stalking, and harassment.|
|program name||level of evidence"Supported by evidence, promising direction or emerging"||bystander"Bystander programs engage men and women not (primarily) as potential perpetrators or victims, but rather as potential bystanders to situations involving sexual or intimate partner violence. Bystander prevention programs presume that all members of the community have a role in shifting norms to prevent violence.... The bystander model includes tools and ideas for action and strongly encourages each person to make a difference." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 5)||empathy"Empathy-based programs give participants the skills to understand sexual violence, provide compassionate responses to disclosures, and reduce the likelihood of sexual assault perpetration by males." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 4)||dispelling
rape myths"These programs address common misconceptions and myths about circumstances, causes, and realities of sexual violence. Topics often include rates of assault and reporting, definitions of consent, and clarifying common circumstances of assault." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013)
|alcoholThese programs discuss the role alcohol plays in sexual violence and how drinking impacts the communication of consent.||otherAdditional topics of focus are listed here.|
|No Zebras, No Excuses: Addressing Sexual Aggression and Bystander Behavior||Promising Direction||X||X||X||X||dating violence, stalking|
|Author||Stephen M. Thompson|
After seeing this presentation, participants will be able to:
The No Zebras program uses short vignettes that give examples of sexual assault, stalking, partner violence and harassment in real life environments. Between each vignette peer educators speak with the audience about myths, laws, and policies, while discussing the actions that could be used to intervene as a bystander.
One performance. Program length can be adjusted to run anywhere between 50 and 90 minutes.
Each educator is trained sexual aggression education and advocacy.
Undergraduates, military personnel
|Theoretical basis for approach||
The No Zebras program is based upon Stephen M. Thompson's research published in 1995 which identified the seven step process of familiar assault and identified familiar rapists as the "nice guy". The performance also builds off research demonstrating the effectiveness of bystander intervention programming.
An unpublished study conducted by a student demonstrated significant decreases in rape myth acceptance using a pre/post test (non-experimental) evaluation design. Other unpublished research has demonstrated similar results. A study of the program’s long-term effects is currently underway.
|Participating colleges and universities||
Since 2005 No Zebras, No Excuses has been presented at many colleges and universities. In 2012 the program was sponsored by the Department of the Navy and was presented at multiple navy stations and Marine bases throughout the United States and world. Recent presentations at colleges include:
|Considerations for administrators||
As with all theatrical performances, it is important to keep in mind that a one-time intervention both has a limited effect on individual students, and can reach a limited number of students. This intervention may be excellent to supplement with other on-going programming on campus, including pairing the performance with discussion groups.
|How to access this program||
Basic program cost is $3,000 per work day, plus expenses. Information and booking information can be found at www.nozebrasandmore.com.
Thompson, S.M. (1995). Date/Acquaintance Rape: The Crime and Criminal. Campus Law Enforcement Journal, 25(3) 21-22, 36. NCJ 155524.