|Program Title||Men’s Workshop|
|Overview||The Men’s Workshop is an in-person prevention program for undergraduate men that includes norms correction, a discussion of consent, and a bystander intervention component.|
|program name||level of evidence"Supported by evidence, promising direction or emerging"||bystander"Bystander programs engage men and women not (primarily) as potential perpetrators or victims, but rather as potential bystanders to situations involving sexual or intimate partner violence. Bystander prevention programs presume that all members of the community have a role in shifting norms to prevent violence.... The bystander model includes tools and ideas for action and strongly encourages each person to make a difference." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 5)||empathy"Empathy-based programs give participants the skills to understand sexual violence, provide compassionate responses to disclosures, and reduce the likelihood of sexual assault perpetration by males." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 4)||dispelling
rape myths"These programs address common misconceptions and myths about circumstances, causes, and realities of sexual violence. Topics often include rates of assault and reporting, definitions of consent, and clarifying common circumstances of assault." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013)
|alcoholThese programs discuss the role alcohol plays in sexual violence and how drinking impacts the communication of consent.||otherAdditional topics of focus are listed here.|
|Men’s Workshop||Supported by Evidence||X||X||X||for male-identified students|
This program aims to:
The workshop includes: a review of key definitions; guided discussions designed to facilitate empathy by focusing on the debunking of rape myths; guided discussions that allow men to vocalize frustrations with normative gender scripts; and, an interactive exercise that demonstrates bystander behavior.
Two sessions, separated by an interval of approximately 4 months. The first is 1 ½ hours long and the booster is 1 hour long.
Though Dr. Berkowitz can offer the program in this form, he usually helps schools create an adapted version (in content and/or length) that fits their campus climate.
|Theoretical basis for approach||
The Men’s Workshop is authored by Alan Berkowitz and much of the theoretical basis for the program is based off his own research on sexual assault and perpetration. He uses uses an integrated model of sexual assault that posits that the conditions that would support an act of perpetration are impacted a by a perpetrator’s attitudes, beliefs, socialization, and peer relationships. The program relies heavily on social norms theory and research on the efficacy of bystander intervention.
The Men’s Workshop has undergone three evaluation studies, one of which was published in a peer-reviewed journal using an experimental study design with a control group. The evaluation demonstrated significant decreases in: association with sexually aggressive peers; identification of sexual assault; and participation in sexually aggressive behavior. Non-significant effects were found for likelihood of intervention, willingness to support rape prevention, rape myth acceptance, accuracy of other men's perceptions of behavior.
|Participating colleges and universities||
|Considerations for administrators||
This program has a significant evidence base and strong theoretical underpinnings. Because it’s intended for all-male groups only, it not appropriate for campus-wide distribution. For that reason -- and because a critical component of the program theory specifies that it be administered in peer groups -- this may be an excellent option for male athletic teams and fraternities.
|How to access this program||
To access the curriculum and protocol for the Men’s Workshop, contact Dr. Alan Berkowitz at firstname.lastname@example.org. Dr. Berkowitz can also help develop a tailored program based off the Men’s Workshop curriculum.
Gidycz, C.A., Orchowski, L.M., & Berkowitz, A.D. (2011). Preventing Sexual Aggression Among College Men: An Evaluation of Social Norms and Bystander Intervention Program. Violence Against Women, 17(6), 720-742. doi: 10.1177/1077801211409727