Did You Know?
- 1 in 5 female college students are survivors of sexual assault. (Washington Post-Kaiser Family Foundation Survey, 2015; Krebs, Lindquist, Berzofsky, Shooks-Sa & Peterson 2016; Cantor et al., 2015)
- 11% of rapes on campus are reported, making it the most underreported violent crime. (Rand, 2009; Kilpatrick, Resnick, Ruggeirio, Conoscenti & McCauley 2007)
- More than 50% of survivors don’t report because they believe the event was is not “serious enough.” (Cantor et al., 2015)
- 70% of women sexually assaulted on a college campus knew the perpetrator. (Washington Post-Kaiser Family Foundation Survey, 2015)
- Students with disabilities experience assault at 2 times the rate of non-disabled students. (Cantor et al., 2015; Scherer, Snyder, Fisher, 2016)
- LGBTQ students face an increased risk of violence: nearly 1 in 4 undergraduate students identifying as transgender, gender non-conforming, questioning or other experience sexual assault after enrolling in a higher education institution. (Cantor et al., 2015)
- Rates of sexual assault among women are lower at historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), but women are more likely to have been assaulted before arriving on campus. (Krebs et al., 2011)
- 9% of college men admit to acts that meet the legal definition of rape or attempted rape. (Abbey & McAuslan, 2004)
- 63% of college men who self-reported that they had committed an act of rape or attempted rape, also admitted to repeat offenses. (Lisak, Gardinier, Nicksa, & Cote, 2010)
- Members of fraternities are more likely to hold to hold rape-supportive beliefs and sexually aggressive attitudes toward women than non-members. They also have been found more likely to use alcohol incapacitation, verbal coercion, threats, and force to obtain sex. (Boyle, 2015)
Lifetime Rates of Sexual Violence
Anyone can experience sex violence, however, women and gender non-conforming people are at a greater risk.
- 1 out of every 5 women and 1 in 50 men have experienced rape. (Breiding et al., 2014)
- 15% of women and 6% of men have been a victim of stalking during their lifetimes. (Breiding et al., 2014)
- Lifetime prevalence of rape women by race (Breiding et al, 2014)
- White Women: 20%
- Black Women: 21%
- Native American/Alaskan Women: 27.5%
- Multi-Racial Women: 32.3%
Those in the LGBTQ+ community are at higher risk for experiencing sexual assault.
- 64% of transgender people have experienced sexual assault in their lifetime.
- 1 in 8 lesbian women have been raped in their lifetime.
- Half of bisexual women have been raped in their lifetime.
- 40% of gay men and 47% of bisexual men experience sexual assault in their lifetimes. (National Institute of Justice, 1998)
Effects of Rape and Sexual Assault
Compared to women who have not experienced it, those experiencing sexual assault are:
- 3 times more likely to suffer from depression
- 6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder
- 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol
- 26 times more likely to abuse drugs (World Health Organization, 2002)
Additional Statistics and Sources
- Rape Abuse Incest National Network (RAINN) Statistics
- The CDC's NISVC Survey by Sexual Orientation
- Women of Color Network Facts & Stats: Sexual Violence in Communities of Color
- National Center for Victims of Crime Stalking Fact Sheet
- Boston Area Rape Crisis Center: General and College Statistics
Abbey, A. & McAuslan, P. (2004). A longitudinal examination of male college students’ perpetration of sexual assault. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 5, 747-756.
Boyle, Kaitlin M. (2015). Social psychological processes that facilitate assault within the fraternity party subculture. Sociology Compass, 95, 386-398. doi: 10.1111/soc4.12261
Breiding M.J., Smith S.G., Basile K.C., Walters M.L., Chen J., & Merrick, M.T. (2014) “Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization in the United States—2011.” Center for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6308a1.htm
Cantor, D., Fisher, B., Chibnall, S., Townsend, R., Lee, H., Bruce, C., & Thomas, G. (2015). Report on the AAU campus climate survey on sexual assault and sexual misconduct. Retrieved from the Association of American Universities website: https://www.aau.edu/uploadedFiles/AAU_Publications/AAU_Reports/Sexual_Assault_Campus_Survey/AAU_Campus_Climate_Survey_12_14_15.pdf
Kilpatrick, D.G., Resnick, H.S., Ruggierio, K.J., Conoscenti, L.M., & McCauley, J. (2007). Drug- facilitated, incapacitated, and forcible rape: a national study (NCJ 219181) Medical University of South Carolina, National Crime Victims Research & Treatment Center; Charleston, SC.
Krebs, C.P., Barrick, K., Lindquist, C.H., Crosby, C.M., Boyd, C. & Bogan, Y. (2011) The Sexual Assault of Undergraduate Women at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26 (18): 3640-3666. Retrieved from: http://jiv.sagepub.com.ezproxy.cul.columbia.edu/content/26/18/3640.long
Krebs, C.P., Lindquist, C. Berzofsky, M., Shooks-Sa, B., & Peterson, K. (2016). Campus climate survey validation study, final technical report. (Report No. NCJ 249545). Washington DC. Retrieved from Bureau of justice statistics website: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/ccsvsftr.pdf
Lisak, D., Gardinier, L., Nicksa, S. C., & Cote, A. M. (2010). False allegations of sexual assault: An analysis of ten years of reported cases. Violence Against Women, 16, 1318-1334. doi:10.1177/1077801210387747
National Institute of Justice. (1998). Prevalence, incidence, and consequences against women. (Report No. 183781) Washington D.C.: U.S. Justice Department.
Rand, M. R. (2009). National Crime Victimization Survey: Criminal victimization, 2008. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice.
Scherer H.L., Snyder, J.A. & Fisher B.S. (2016) Intimate Partner Victimization Among College Students With and Without Disabilities: Prevalence of and Relationship to Emotional Well-Being. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31 (1): 49-80.
Washington Post-Kaiser Family Foundation Survey. (2015, June 12). Kaiser family foundation survey of college students on sexual assault. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/local/sexual-assault-poll/
World Health Organization. (2002). World report on violence and health.