|Overview||ThinkLuv is a 30-minute online prevention program with a bystander intervention focus that runs 726 different ways, differentiating to students’ demographic characteristics, including gender identity, sexual identity, race, religious background, hobbies and interests, age, and student status.|
|program name||level of evidence"Supported by evidence, promising direction or emerging"||bystander"Bystander programs engage men and women not (primarily) as potential perpetrators or victims, but rather as potential bystanders to situations involving sexual or intimate partner violence. Bystander prevention programs presume that all members of the community have a role in shifting norms to prevent violence.... The bystander model includes tools and ideas for action and strongly encourages each person to make a difference." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 5)||empathy"Empathy-based programs give participants the skills to understand sexual violence, provide compassionate responses to disclosures, and reduce the likelihood of sexual assault perpetration by males." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013, page 4)||dispelling
rape myths"These programs address common misconceptions and myths about circumstances, causes, and realities of sexual violence. Topics often include rates of assault and reporting, definitions of consent, and clarifying common circumstances of assault." (Gibbons & Evans, 2013)
|alcoholThese programs discuss the role alcohol plays in sexual violence and how drinking impacts the communication of consent.||otherAdditional topics of focus are listed here.|
|ThinkLuv||Promising Direction||X||X||X||X||differentiated to student demographics|
|Author||Claire Kaplan, Katie Koestner, and over 50 researchers, legal experts, educators, survivors and subject matter experts.|
Participants will have an increased understanding of:
Participants will demonstrate Increased willingness to engage one's peers in conversations around healthy relationships.
The program begins with a 20-question pre-test and then a short questionnaire that asks students to share parts of their identity that impact how they perceive the material -- gender, race, religion, etc. The subsequent program content includes: infomercial-style clips on relevant subjects, a sitcom-style narrative, and an interactive decision-making scenario. The infomercials are targeted based on the demographic variables identified at the beginning of the program. The program concludes with the main characters urging the audience to intervene as bystanders and then a post-test. Afterwards, students are provided with a customizable list of on-campus resources, institutional policies, and social norms data about students like them.
One 30-minute module, plus pre and post-test
Students are given an online account to access the program, and can view it from any phone, tablet or laptop. Campus Outreach Services also offers a follow-up post test for longitudinal results, and also the option of sending reminders to students throughout the school year about content covered in the program.
High school students, college students, athletes, Greeks, faculty and staff.
|Theoretical basis for approach||
ThinkLuv is grounded in the following evidence and research from the field: Bystander Intervention research from David Lisak and others; identification of risk factors for perpetration and victimization from research by Rapaport & Burkhart, Foubert, Koss; gender differences in perceptions of educational approaches from Kelly & Torres, Kilmartin and Katz; and experiences of sexual victimization among various races and religious groups from Kalof & Wade and others.
Campus Outreach Services conducts internal evaluations using pre and post test results from its current participants. From data collected participants have shown improvements in behavioral intent, attitudes and likelihood of intervening as a bystander.
|Participating colleges and universities||
A list is available from Campus Outreach Services upon request.
|How to access this program||
To access the program: email inspire@CampusOutreachServices.com or call 866-966-9013. The cost of the program ranges from $500 to $5,000. All proceeds from the program are donated to organizations that work to end sexual violence and support survivors.
Kalof, L. & Wade, B. H. (1995). Sexual attitudes and experiences with sexual coercion: exploring the influence of race and gender. Journal of Black Psychology, 21(3), 224-238.
Katz, J. (1994, 2000). Mentors in Violence Prevention Playbook.
Kelly, B. T., & Torres, A. (2006). Campus safety: perceptions and experiences of women students. Journal of College Student Development, 47(1), 20-36.
Kilmartin, C., & Berkowitz, A. (2005). Sexual assault in context: teaching college men about gender. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Eribaum Associates Publishers.
Rapaport, K. & Burkhart, B. R. (1984). Personality and attitudinal characteristics of sexually coercive college males. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2(2), 216-221.